Creativity in growing cannabis has been a common characteristic within the industry for decades. As legalization continues to gain momentum, so do the many different techniques to grow the plant for varying purposes. Of these methods, Aeroponics is a unique approach that is gaining in popularity.
What is Aeroponics?
Aeroponics is, in short, a way of growing plants without the use of soil. This method can be used to grow a wide range of plants, not just cannabis, and is often chosen for the proven success of high-quality yields it demonstrates and the precise control over the growing environment it affords.Without soil, plant roots are directly exposed to the air of their surroundings and are provided essential nutrients and water via a steady stream of mist.
A typical aeroponic system consists of plant roots hanging freely below a planter bed which is hung or otherwise elevated above a reservoir of water. The water in the reservoir is supplemented with a high nutrient solution which is then dissolved and delivered to the plant roots through a fine mist, ensuring the plants are providing all the essential building blocks for optimal growth.Plant roots are separated from the stems, leaves, and flowers by a barrier such as a foam or plastic planter bed.
Advantages of Aeroponics
Growing cannabis in an aeroponic system allows for a great deal of control and efficiency. This method also affords growers looking to increase potency or experiment with new varieties an option that is hands on and laboratory-like in nature. Aeroponic plants generally have a faster grow cycle with some systems claiming to reduce the time needed to harvest by up to 33%. Aeroponic setups also require less space and have less potential for contaminants as they are usually indoor and highly controlled systems.
Disadvantages of Aeroponics
Aeroponics is a complicated growing method requiring a complex set-up and ample experience, thus it’s not ideal for beginner growers. It’s an expensive growing style due to the equipment, energy, and space constraints needed for success. There is also an increased risk of catastrophic failure to cannabis crops grown via aeroponics due to the constant attention and requirements needed to sustain an active growing environment completely separated from natural elements. A loss of power or water supply, even for a short amount of time, can cause plants to die quickly.